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THE PARIS PEACE TREATY (PEACE TREATY of 1783): In the name of the most holy and
undivided Trinity. It having pleased the Divine Providence to dispose the
hearts of the most serene and most potent Prince George the Third, by the grace
of God, king of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith, duke
of Brunswick and Lunebourg, arch- treasurer and prince elector of the Holy
Roman Empire etc., and of the United States of America, to forget all past
misunderstandings and differences that have unhappily interrupted the good
correspondence and friendship which they mutually wish to restore, and to
establish such a beneficial and satisfactory intercourse , between the two
countries upon the ground of reciprocal advantages and mutual convenience as
may promote and secure to both perpetual peace and harmony; and having for this
desirable end already laid the foundation of peace and reconciliation by the
Provisional Articles signed at Paris on the 30th of November 1782, by the
commissioners empowered on each part, which articles were agreed to be inserted
in and constitute the Treaty of Peace proposed to be concluded between the
Crown of Great Britain and the said United States, but which treaty was not to
be concluded until terms of peace should be agreed upon between Great Britain
and France and his Britannic Majesty should be ready to conclude such treaty
accordingly; and the treaty between Great Britain and France having since been
concluded, his Britannic Majesty and the United States of America, in order to
carry into full effect the Provisional Articles above mentioned, according to
the tenor thereof, have constituted and appointed, that is to say his Britannic
Majesty on his part, David Hartley, Esqr., member of the Parliament of Great
Britain, and the said United States on their part, John Adams, Esqr., late a
commissioner of the United States of America at the court of Versailles, late
delegate in Congress from the state of Massachusetts, and chief justice of the
said state, and minister plenipotentiary of the said United States to their
high mightinesses the States General of the United Netherlands; Benjamin
Franklin, Esqr., late delegate in Congress from the state of Pennsylvania,
president of the convention of the said state, and minister plenipotentiary
from the United States of America at the court of Versailles; John Jay, Esqr.,
late president of Congress and chief justice of the state of New York, and
minister plenipotentiary from the said United States at the court of Madrid; to
be plenipotentiaries for the concluding and signing the present definitive
treaty; who after having reciprocally communicated their respective full powers
have agreed upon and confirmed the following articles. Article 1: His Brittanic
Majesty acknowledges the said United States, viz., New Hampshire, Massachusetts
Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New
Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and
Georgia, to be free sovereign and independent states, that he treats with them
as such, and for himself, his heirs, and successors, relinquishes all claims to
the government, propriety, and territorial rights of the same and every part
thereof. Article 2: And that all disputes which might arise in future on the
subject of the boundaries of the said United States may be prevented, it is
hereby agreed and declared, that the following are and shall be their
boundaries, viz.; from the northwest angle of Nova Scotia, viz., that nagle
which is formed by a line drawn due north from the source of St. Croix River to
the highlands; along the said highlands which divide those rivers that empty
themselves into the river St. Lawrence, from those which fall into the Atlantic
Ocean, to the northwesternmost head of Connecticut River; thence down along the
middle of that river to the forty-fifth degree of north latitude; from thence
by a line due west on said latitude until it strikes the river Iroquois or
Cataraquy; thence along the middle of said river into Lake Ontario; through the
middle of said lake until it strikes the communication by water between that
lake and Lake Erie; thence along the middle of said communication into Lake
Erie, through the middle of said lake until it arrives at the water
communication between that lake and Lake Huron; thence along the middle of said
water communication into Lake Huron, thence through the middle of said lake to
the water communication between that lake and Lake Superior; thence through
Lake Superior northward of the Isles Royal and Phelipeaux to the Long Lake;
thence through the middle of said Long Lake and the water communication between
it and the Lake of the Woods, to the said Lake of the Woods; thence through the
said lake to the most northwesternmost point thereof, and from thence on a due
west course to the river Mississippi; thence by a line to be drawn along the
middle of the said river Mississippi until it shall intersect the northernmost
part of the thirty-first degree of north latitude, South, by a line to be drawn
due east from the determination of the line last mentioned in the latitude of
thirty-one degrees of the equator, to the middle of the river Apalachicola or
Catahouche; thence along the middle thereof to its junction with the Flint
River, thence straight to the head of Saint Mary's River; and thence down along
the middle of Saint Mary's River to the Atlantic Ocean; east, by a line to be
drawn along the middle of the river Saint Croix, from its mouth in the Bay of
Fundy to its source, and from its source directly north to the aforesaid
highlands which divide the rivers that fall into the Atlantic Ocean from those
which fall into the river Saint Lawrence; comprehending all islands within
twenty leagues of any part of the shores of the United States, and lying
between lines to be drawn due east from the points where the aforesaid
boundaries between Nova Scotia on the one part and East Florida on the other
shall, respectively, touch the Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic Ocean, excepting
such islands as now are or heretofore have been within the limits of the said
province of Nova Scotia. Article 3: It is agreed that the people of the United
States shall continue to enjoy unmolested the right to take fish of every kind
on the Grand Bank and on all the other banks of Newfoundland, also in the Gulf
of Saint Lawrence and at all other places in the sea, where the inhabitants of
both countries used at any time heretofore to fish. And also that the
inhabitants of the United States shall have liberty to take fish of every kind
on such part of the coast of Newfoundland as British fishermen shall use, (but
not to dry or cure the same on that island) and also on the coasts, bays and
creeks of all other of his Brittanic Majesty's dominions in America; and that
the American fishermen shall have liberty to dry and cure fish in any of the
unsettled bays, harbors, and creeks of Nova Scotia, Magdalen Islands, and
Labrador, so long as the same shall remain unsettled, but so soon as the same
or either of them shall be settled, it shall not be lawful for the said
fishermen to dry or cure fish at such settlement without a previous agreement
for that purpose with the inhabitants, proprietors, or possessors of the
ground. Article 4: It is agreed that creditors on either side shall meet with
no lawful impediment to the recovery of the full value in sterling money of all
bona fide debts heretofore contracted. Article 5: It is agreed that Congress
shall earnestly recommend it to the legislatures of the respective states to
provide for the restitution of all estates, rights, and properties, which have
been confiscated belonging to real British subjects; and also of the estates,
rights, and properties of persons resident in districts in the possession on
his Majesty's arms and who have not borne arms against the said United States.
And that persons of any other decription shall have free liberty to go to any
part or parts of any of the thirteen United States and therein to remain twelve
months unmolested in their endeavors to obtain the restitution of such of their
estates, rights, and properties as may have been confiscated; and that Congress
shall also earnestly recommend to the several states a reconsideration and
revision of all acts or laws regarding the premises, so as to render the said
laws or acts perfectly consistent not only with justice and equity but with
that spirit of conciliation which on the return of the blessings of peace
should universally prevail. And that Congress shall also earnestly recommend to
the several states that the estates, rights, and properties, of such last
mentioned persons shall be restored to them, they refunding to any persons who
may be now in possession the bona fide price (where any has been given) which
such persons may have paid on purchasing any of the said lands, rights, or
properties since the confiscation. And it is agreed that all persons who have
any interest in confiscated lands, either by debts, marriage settlements, or
otherwise, shall meet with no lawful impediment in the prosecution of their
just rights. Article 6: That there shall be no future confiscations made nor
any prosecutions commenced against any person or persons for, or by reason of,
the part which he or they may have taken in the present war, and that no person
shall on that account suffer any future loss or damage, either in his person,
liberty, or property; and that those who may be in confinement on such charges
at the time of the ratification of the treaty in America shall be immediately
set at liberty, and the prosecutions so commenced be discontinued. Article 7:
There shall be a firm and perpetual peace between his Brittanic Majesty and the
said states, and between the subjects of the one and the citizens of the other,
wherefore all hostilities both by sea and land shall from henceforth cease. All
prisoners on both sides shall be set at liberty, and his Brittanic Majesty
shall with all convenient speed, and without causing any destruction, or
carrying away any Negroes or other property of the American inhabitants,
withdraw all his armies, garrisons, and fleets from the said United States, and
from every post, place, and harbor within the same; leaving in all
fortifications, the American artilery that may be therein; and shall also order
and cause all archives, records, deeds, and papers belonging to any of the said
states, or their citizens, which in the course of the war may have fallen into
the hands of his officers, to be forthwith restored and delivered to the proper
states and persons to whom they belong. Article 8: The navigation of the river
Mississippi, from its source to the ocean, shall forever remain free and open
to the subjects of Great Britain and the citizens of the United States. Article
9: In case it should so happen that any place or territory belonging to Great
Britain or to the United States should have been conquered by the arms of
either from the other before the arrival of the said Provisional Articles in
America, it is agreed that the same shall be restored without difficulty and
without requiring any compensation. Article 10: The solemn ratifications of the
present treaty expedited in good and due form shall be exchanged between the
contracting parties in the space of six months or sooner, if possible, to be
computed from the day of the signatures of the present treaty. In witness
whereof we the undersigned, their ministers plenipotentiary, have in their name
and in virtue of our full powers, signed with our hands the present definitive
treaty and caused the seals of our arms to be affixed thereto. Done at Paris,
this third day of September in the year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred
JAY (SEAL) Source: United States, Department of State, "Treaties and Other
International Agreements of the United States of America, 1776-1949", vol 12,
pp8-12 ------------------------------------ The Peace Treaty of 1783, also
known as The Paris Peace Treaty, ended the United States War for Independence.
Representing England was Richard Oswald, chief negotiator under the Earl of
Shelburne, the Secretary of State; signing for Britain was David Hartley.
Representing the United States of America were John Adams, Benjamin Franklin,
and John Jay, all of whom signed the treaty. This treaty gave formal
recognition to the United States of America, established her boundaries, (at
the time), secured certain fishing rights, addressed problems between
creditors, provided fair treatment for those who decided to remain loyal to
Great Britain, and opened up the Mississippi River to navigation by citizens of
both signatory nations. ------------------------------------ Prepared by Gerald
Murphy (The Cleveland Free-Net - aa300) Distributed by the Cybercasting
Services Division of the National Public Telecomputing Network (NPTN).
Permission is hereby granted to download, reprint, and/or otherwise
redistribute this file, provided appropriate point of origin credit is given to
the preparer(s) and the National Public Telecomputing Network. .

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